Cenozoic Earth ] Back | Next >

Location
 North America
 9 million years ago

Mean atmospheric O2
 108% of modern level

Mean atmospheric CO2
 1x pre-industrial level

Mean temperature
 Pre-industrial level

Cenozoic Earth - Two Platybelodon following a shallow stream 9 million years ago in what is today North America; megafauna - Natural History Illustration Geologic Time Scale

 Era: Cenozoic
  Period: Neogene
   Epoch: Miocene
    Age: Tortonian

     
 

Platybelodon in stream

A pair of 3-ton herbivorous proboscidean mammals--a male and female--of the genus Platybelodon follow a shallow stream 9 million years ago in what is today North America. Sharing the scene are stilts (genus Himantopus) foraging for insects and small crustaceans.

Related to modern elephants, Platybelodon were approximately the same size, and in addition to upper tusks they had a pair of flattened "shovel" tusks on their lower jaw. These lower tusks may have been used to scoop up aquatic and semi-aquatic vegetation and/or scrape edible bark from trees. Platybelodon fossils have been found in North America, Eurasia and Africa. This genus became extinct about 6 million years ago.

 

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Copyright Walter B. Myers. All rights reserved.

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